MI CReSS Data Reports

Michigan COVID-19 Recovery Surveillance Study Data Report 3: Experiences of Working Adults with COVID-19 Onset Prior to June 1, 2020, in Michigan - September 13, 2021

  • Among the 869 adult respondents with COVID-19 onset prior to June 1, 2020 who reported employment status, 72.8% were employed. Employed respondents were predominantly female (56.0%), non-Hispanic White (50.4%) or non-Hispanic Black (24.7%), and 46 years old on average. Prior to their COVID-19 onset, 72.1% of respondents were required to work in-person and 27.9% worked remotely.
  • A disproportionate share of COVID-19 cases among working adults in Michigan were in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry sector, which represented 44.0% of diagnosed COVID-19 cases in Michigan with onset prior to June 1, 2020, but only 15.1% of Michigan’s total employed individuals in 2019.
  • Adequate PPE availability varied greatly across industry. Among Transportation Equipment workers, who reported the lowest PPE availability, only 27.3% reported having adequate PPE “often” or “always.” In Hospitals, where the highest availability of PPE was reported in our sample, 58.9% reported having adequate PPE “often” or “always.”
  • The use of sick leave differed by industry. The proportion of in-person workers who were paid for their time off was lowest among Nursing and Residential Care Facility (73.1%) and Food Manufacturing (74.5%) workers.
  • Among employed respondents who knew the source of their exposure (63.8%), 60.5% said they were exposed at work. The most affected occupation was Healthcare Support, with 81.5% of employed respondents who knew their source of exposure reporting that they were exposed to COVID-19 at work.


Michigan COVID-19 Recovery Surveillance Study Data Report 2: Black-White Differences in Access to Care, Recovery, and the Social Impact of COVID-19 - January 29, 2021

  • Black COVID-19 survivors had a more severe disease course than White respondents. More Black than White respondents reported severe or very severe symptoms (72.9% vs. 60.5%) or required an overnight hospital stay (45.4% vs. 27.9%).
  • Black respondents reported poorer experiences than White respondents when attempting to access COVID-19 care.
    • 8.7% of Black respondents believed their experiences seeking healthcare were worse than people from other races, while 18.9% of White respondents believed their experiences were better than people from other races.
    • 10.6% of Black respondents (vs. 1.6% of White respondents) reported that their COVID-19 testing or treatment made them feel emotionally upset due to how they were treated based on their race.
  • More Black respondents reported increased social stressors since the start of the pandemic, with 25.6% being unable to pay important bills like mortgage, rent, or utilities (vs. 10.3% of White respondents).
  • More Black respondents (23.0%) were afraid to disclose their COVID-19 status to their friends or family than White respondents (9.8%).


Michigan COVID-19 Recovery Surveillance Study - October 2020

  • Nearly a quarter (23.0%) of respondents waited more than a week to seek medical care following COVID-19 symptom onset.
  • At the time of survey completion, 26.2% of respondents had not recovered from COVID-19 to their usual state of health. Among those who had recovered, there was a wide range in symptom duration, ranging from less than 1 week to 18 weeks.
  • The COVID-19 outbreak worsened stress levels and mental health for 52.7% of respondents.
  • When asked about challenges faced by themselves or their family members since the pandemic began, nearly 60% reported experiencing a loss of employment or reduction in hours worked and nearly 20% reported being unable to pay important bills.
  • More than two-thirds (68.6%) of employed respondents had to physically report to work following the "Stay Home, Stay Safe" executive order. Among employed respondents, 34.0% did not take sick leave during their COVID-19 illness.