Epidemiology

Graphic showing Benefit–Risk Analysis of Health Benefits versus Excess Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Outbreaks Inevitable as Childhood Vaccination Rates Decrease

Sarah Javaid and Giovanna Buttazzoni

COVID-19 poses unique challenges to vaccination programs, with children around the world going unvaccinated for a variety of reasons. To prevent childhood deaths and disease spread due to decreased vaccination coverage, immunization programs must continue during the pandemic. Read more

Smokestacks shooting steam into a morning lit sky.

The Hidden Pandemic behind the Coronavirus

Sarah Javaid and Kathleen Lindsey

Sarah Javaid and Kathleen Lindsey take a look at some of the positive and negative impacts on the environment that have happened due to the coronavirus pandemic. Read more

Antibiotic pills displayed in a pill bottle

Antibiotic Use during Pregnancy: Too Much of a Good Thing?

Lixin Zhang, PhD ’99

The discovery and use of antibiotics is one of public health’s great achievements, but antibiotic use is not without its problems. At therapeutic doses, antibiotics exert a strong selection pressure on the microbial community. When antibiotics interact with an infant’s developing microbiome, they can affect gut health and with it the child’s health for years to come. Read more

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Racism as a Public Health Crisis: Increasing Awareness through Access to Research

Matthew L. Boulton, Jillian Morgan, and Sara McAdory-Kim

In recent weeks, the killing of Black and African Americans during encounters with police has brought renewed and overdue attention to the public health and societal crisis that is racism. Matthew L. Boulton, Jillian Morgan, and Sara McAdory-Kim share how the American Journal of Preventive Medicine is working to raise awareness of this issue. Read more